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Misinterpretation of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar was the basis for a popular belief that a cataclysm would take place on December 21, The date of the start of the next the next b'ak'tun Long Count Many Classic period inscriptions include a series of glyphs known as the Supplementary Series.
The operation of this series was largely worked out by John E. The Supplementary Series most commonly consists of the following elements:.
Each night was ruled by one of the nine lords of the underworld. This nine-day cycle was usually written as two glyphs: a glyph that referred to the Nine Lords as a group, followed by a glyph for the lord that would rule the next night.
A lunar series generally is written as five glyphs that provide information about the current lunation , the number of the lunation in a series of six, the current ruling lunar deity and the length of the current lunation.
The Maya counted the number of days in the current lunation. They used two systems for the zero date of the lunar cycle: either the first night they could see the thin crescent moon or the first morning when they could not see the waning moon.
The Maya counted the lunations. This cycle appears in the lunar series as two glyphs that modern scholars call the 'C' and 'X' glyphs.
The C glyph could be prefixed with a number indicating the lunation. No prefixing number meant one, whereas the numbers two through six indicated the other lunations.
Accompanying the C glyph was the 'X' glyph that showed a similar pattern of 18 lunations. The present era lunar synodic period is about As a whole number, the number of days per lunation will be either 29 or 30 days, with the day intervals necessarily occurring slightly more frequently than the day intervals.
The Maya wrote whether the lunar month was 29 or 30 days as two glyphs: a glyph for lunation length followed by either a glyph made up of a moon glyph over a bundle with a suffix of 9 for a day lunation or a moon glyph with a suffix of 10 for a day lunation.
Some Mayan monuments include glyphs that record an day count in their Initial Series. These can also be found in the Dresden codex.
The day count can be described several ways: Most of these are referred to using a "Y" glyph and a number.
The accompanying texts begin with a directional glyph and a verb for day-count phrases. Anderson  provides a detailed description of the day count.
During the late Classic period the Maya began to use an abbreviated short count instead of the Long Count. An example of this can be found on altar 14 at Tikal.
This is the system as found in the colonial Books of Chilam Balam. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Further information: Maya astronomy.
Main article: Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. Main article: Lords of the Night. Edited by Sol Tax, p. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Guatemala City: Instituto Indigenista Nacional.
Miller and Taube , p. The original names are unknown. See Coe, Michael D. Reading the Maya Glyphs. Edited by Sol Tax, pp. Eric S. Traditional High Cultures Home Page.
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All rights reserved. What does Polynesian Samoan Tattoos mean? The maya vision serpent symbolizes the passage of ancestral spirits and the gods of Xibalba the maya underworld into our world.
In states of ecstasy and usually following penis or tongue bloodletting, particularly as graphically depicted at Yaxchilan, maya mobility invoke the vision serpent.
During special ceremonies, bloody papers were burnt in a sacred bowl and from it, this great undulating serpent rises and from its mouth emerges an ancestor or, occasionally, a deity.
The serpent…. Mayan hieroglyphics were carved into stone or bone, or even painted on pottery or written on books. The two main topics of their texts were astronomy and religious views.
Here are the Ancient Mayan symbols for the numbers 0 through Maya numerals were a vigesimal base-twenty numeral system used by the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization.
The numerals are made up of three symbols; zero shell shape , one a dot and five a bar. For example, nineteen 19 is written as four dots in a horizontal row above three horizontal lines stacked upon each other.
For the majority, the first day of the year was 0 Pop the seating of Pop. This period was known as a Calendar Round.